Patna – The city of Multi- Religious Significance

Guru Naka Dev has said that God is one, but He has many forms. He is the creator and takes incarnation of man. He instilled in his followers, the spirit of accepting God in the intended form through the 5 Ks namely Kesh-Kangha-Kara-Kirpan- Kacchera.

Lord Mahavir elucidated Daslakshan Dharma or the ten virtues that included forgiveness, purity, humility, sincerity, truthfulness, self-restraint, penance, charity, celibacy and non-possession. He advised for practicing severe austerity for spiritual enlightenment. The holy Gita asks for performing one’s duty and to leave the result to God.

Lord Buddha held man as the arbiter of his own destiny, not God. He laid down the eight-fold path to get relief from frustration and queasiness. Firstly, to view things as they are-secondly avoid manipulating things on preconceived notions-thirdly to say without hesitation-fourthly, to avoid complicating issues-fifthly, to perform responsibilities and be contented with what you get- sixth, to work with what it is- seventh, to be precise and mindful in speech, performance and behavior and lastly to be absorbed in work in while performing it.

Patna, the state capital of Bihar is the place that takes one to different monumental evidence of the above immortal souls. They represented different religious faith such as Sikhism, Jainism, Hinduism and Buddhism. Because of this unique feature, Patna, the ancient Pataliputra has become the centre of attraction of all kinds of visitors. Its thick density of population could be gauged from the fact that, during the rule of the Mouryas in 300 BC, it had a population of 4.0 lakhs.

Patna has its religious significance because of its location on the southern bank of the Ganges. It straddles other rivers like Sone, Gandak, and Punpun. The city is about 35 km in length and 18 km in width. It is ranked as the 21st fastest growing city in the world.

The 10th Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh was born here as son of the 9th Guru Teg Bahadur. Sikhs visit Patna Sahib, the place where the 10th Guru was born. Patna stands mute witness to the Champaran movement and Quit India Movement and still holds the memories of Dr Rajendra Prasad, Dr Sachitananda Sinha and Swami Sahajanand Saraswati.

Patna has the best infrastructure facilities for trade, industry and tourism. It has recognition as the pioneer in education, with the Patna University, established during 1917. A number of students are attracted to Patna for higher studies in every important stream of study, be it engineering, medical, business management or arts.

Patna assumes an important position in the world map of tourism because having sojourned here, one can pay visit to other places of visitors’ interest such as Vaishali, Rajgir and Nalanda for Hindu pilgrimage, Gaya, Bodh Gaya for Buddhist pilgrimage and Pawapuri for Jain pilgrimage. Patana is thus the centre of pilgrimage for multiple religions.

All religions teach one fundamental lesson; to be humane in all activities by shunning the vices and pursuing the virtuous ones. For this, one has to widen the outlooks by visiting places of religious and spiritual significance. A visit to Patna caters to this need of self-awakening and self-widening.