Mizoram – The Insignia of Matriarchal Culture

A proverb says that the smiles of a pretty woman are the tears of a man’s purse. This holds well in a patriarchal society where woman is believed to exist mainly for the propagation of human species. The biological difference has led women to be disadvantaged in areas such as social, financial, educational, political, occupational, intellectual and commercial.

But women are equal because they are not different any more. This gender inequality is now a global challenge because no nation can prosper without equal participation of women in every sphere of the society. Mizoram, a North Eastern state of India stands insignia of matriarchal culture. It exhibits example to the global community for fighting against the evils of gender inequality.

Mizoram, the land of Blue Mountains is a little island of tranquility and beauty of nature. At its north, Mizoram is bordered with two other states, namely Assam and Tripura and the countries of Myanmar, the erstwhile Burma and Bangladesh, the erstwhile East Pakistan.

The abundance of nature could be witnessed in the shapes of sky-touching hills, plunging gorges, sparking waterfalls and gushing rivers. The presence of exotic flora could be marked from the dense bamboo jungles that rise from the adjoining plains of Assam. Phawangpui is the highest peak in the mountain range.

Mizoram boasts of being the second highest literate state in India, with 87 & literacy rate. Almost all in Mizoram have faith on Christianity and English is the commonly used language. Yet they preserve the distinctive Mizo culture. People have a welcoming attitude towards outside visitors who feel at home during their sojourn in Mizoram.

The most significant feature of Mizoram for the visitors to experience is the matriarchal activities. There will be nothing to be surprised to find many Mizo women, smoking, chewing tobacco and taking paan and gutkha. A number of shops are run by women who are respected by their counterparts, men. Significantly, one can observe men tending to excel in exhibiting and utilizing their physical strength by taking up manual jobs like taxi drivers, car and automobile mechanics and working in the fields.

Cities that could be visited at Mizoram are Aizwal, the capital, Lunglei, Kolasib, Champhai, Saiha, Serchhip, Lawntlai and Mamit. There are a number of rivers that create deep gorges between the the hill ranges, thus affording thrilling views to the visitors. Few of the rivers to be named are Tlawang, Sonai, Tuival, Kololodyne and Karnafulli. The river Tiu marks the boundary of India and Myanmar and provides scenic views to tourists while they course through the thick forests and welcoming villages.

Other places of tourist attraction in Mizoram are Bung, Tamdil Lake, Kolasib, Sibuta Lung, Palphui Grave, Pangzawal, Mangkahia lung, Tualchng and the tomb of Vanimailian. Aizwal could be reached by air from Kolkata, Imphal and Guwahati. The nearest railway station is Silchar,at 184 km.

The best time to visit Mizoram is during the months of October to March because the climate is moderate and pleasant.

Having being acclimatized in a patriarchal society and culture, a visitor to Mizoram will find something new, besides experiencing the bounties of nature.